Monday, December 28, 2009
Sorry for the delay in the post.
I have been very busy with my training at LBSNAA. Even right now as I write this post I am sitting in the office of a regiment of army at Poonch(the border town on Indian side).
Let's come to interview preparation.
Interview is a test of your personality. The attempt is to test your presence of mind, attitude, emotional stability and in general they would like to see if you are a balanced personality or not.
1. First take a few copies of your mains form. Share it with a couple of people/friends who are close to you. Now start writing questions on every component of your mains form. For eg. if your form contains names of 4 5 places, then write whatever questions come to your mind wrt these places and even related questions. For eg. my form had moradabad in it, so questions would pertain to brass exports, SEZ, child labour in brass industry, moradabad's share in Indian handicraft exports and so on. Open your mind to the range of questions that can be asked. You should take some time to do this job as it is the most crucial part. Make a notebook having different sections, hobbies, places, educ background and write as many questions as possible.
2.. Once you have made this notebook, start researching the answers. Write relevant facts and info in a separate notebook.
3. For general awareness and a balanced opinion, read atleast 2 newspapers. I read ToI and Hindu. Jot down the important aspects and facts in news and major issues, for eg climate change.
4.Also focus heavily on International relations and specially India's equation with other countries and changes in foreign policy. Get a good book on India's foreign policy, preferably a new one.
5.Always remember that more important than the facts it is your opinion that matters. So try to cultivate a balanced thinking if you don't have it. Try to form an opinion on all issues around you.
6. For people with difficulty in public speaking, get involved in group discussions with other people on current issues of importance.
7. Develop a good awareness of yourself and your background. You should be sure of what you have presented before them in your mains form. I hope you haven't lied about your hobbies and extra curricular activities in the form, as they are wise men/women.
Keep posting questions on this post for interview preparation. No other questions would be entertained.
Saturday, September 12, 2009
First of all, apologies for keeping you waiting for many days for replies to your queries.
I am attending the foundation course at LBSNAA at the moment and it is so very hectic here. That's why I can not be very regular and prompt on the blog during the foundation course.
God Bless You!!
All the very Best!!!
Friday, August 28, 2009
It is with immense pleasure that I want to inform you all that a book on Public Administration, written by me, is being released soon. It is basically a comprehensive compilation of the most important topics of Public Administration for Mains.
I hope you find it useful.
Thursday, August 27, 2009
Thursday, August 13, 2009
Beyond this I won't be able to answer any questions on Sociology
Reading List for Sociology (Main)
Shri. Upendra Gaur’s class notes
Classical Sociological Theory-George Ritzer
Tribal India-Nadeem Hasnain
Modernization of Indian Tradition-Yogendra Singh
Changing India-Robert Stern
A few tips:
1. Refer to IGNOU notes for the new topics introduced in Paper II
2. Make sure you mention case studies in Paper II answers
3. Make good notes on topics like ethnicity, religion, caste, environment, women’s movement, tribal movement, political parties, pressure groups, judiciary, etc. which are common to Political Science, Sociology, GS or Essay as it’ll help you to optimize your preparation.
5. Read the questions carefully in both optionals before answering. More often than not the second part of the questions would require a bit of original thinking beyond what you may have prepared.
Beyond this I won't be able to answer any question on Pol Sc.
Reading List for Political Science (Prelims and Main)
The Constitution of India-D.D. BasuAn Introduction to Political Theory-O.P. GaubaSpectrum's Political Science for PrelimsThe Constitution of India-P.M.Bakshi
Political Theory-Amal Ray, Mohit Bhattacharya
Comparative Politics-Ronald Chilcote
Our Parliament-S.C. Kashyap
History of Political Thought-Subrata Mukherjee, Susheela Ramaswamy
A History of Political Thought-J.P. SudaFoundations of Indian Political Thought-V.R. MehtaModern Political Theory-S.P. Verma
Western Political Thought-R.M. Bhagat
Andrew Heywood-Political Theory: An IntroductionComparative Politics-J.C. Johari
History of Political Thought- George Sabine
Politics among Nations-Hans Morgenthau
A few tips:
1. Look up Wikipedia for the latest on world constitutions
2. Combine preparation of Section B of Paper 1 with Indian Polity and History in GS
3. Update your Paper II Section B answers with GS Paper II notes on India and the World and International Organizations
4. Take a look at the Delhi University B.A./M.A. Political Science syllabus/reading lists for references on International Relations
Friday, August 7, 2009
Wednesday, August 5, 2009
For people who havrn't made it this year, do not be disheartened. Work harder and smarter this time. All the best!!!
Saturday, July 18, 2009
Wednesday, July 15, 2009
Friday, July 10, 2009
Monday, July 6, 2009
Given the time constraint, a well-thought out strategy makes the difference between success and failure. Intensive and focused approach built on analysis needs to be scrupulously adhered to. Some ingredients of a 'smart strategy' are:
-Building a general overview
-Conceptual Understanding of the subject matter.
-Perusal of question papers of previous years.
-Identification of 'thrust areas' for concentrated pursuit.
-Adequate writing practice for time management and evolving right content.
-Continuous review of performance and appropriate corrections.
Though the current trend of Public Administration suggests that the preparation for prelims should be grounded in a mains-focused approach, the strategy of preparing for Prelims and Mains is markedly different.
Strategy for Prelims:
1. Conceptual Understanding of the subject is a must. Study from standard textbooks to get a grip on the subject matter. Superficial reading won’t help.
2. Public Administration by Laxmikanth is the most important textbook for Prelims. Finish it thoroughly.
3. Read and understand all the concepts thoroughly word by word because, public administration is a game of words. Sometimes questions are asked from the very technicality of the words.
4. Try to go through all the current affairs facts related to Public Administration. For e.g. Pay Commission Reports, Finance Commission Reports, RTI etc.
5. Supplement this knowledge with a few books like Public Administration and Public Affairs by Nicholas Henry; New Horizons of public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya and Indian Administration by Arora/Goel.
6. Practice Mock tests regularly for all units and also at least one Full Length Test.
Strategy for Mains:
Every candidate appearing for the mains examination should be conversant with the fundamentals of the structure, process, behaviour and environment of the administrative system. It's equally important that the student should be conversant with contemporary and the current developments of socio-political and economic nature that have a close bearing on the functioning of the administration. For example, changing governors, direct grants to panchayats, economic reforms with a human face; globalization and administration, second-generation reforms and the social infrastructure, right to information and participative development.
1. First of all you have to thoroughly analyze the syllabus and the previous years question papers. Then, it will be easy to understand what is actually expected from you.
2. Study basic study material like Sharma Sadana, Arora Goel, Avasthi Maheshwari etc. Supplement it with IIPA journals, Internet etc.
3. While studying the subject, understand it well. Don’t just gloss over it. Secondly, try to feel what you are reading inside. This helps reproducing answers from your subconscious mind during the exam.
4. Amassing information is a big ” DON’T ”. You should be able to identify 'core areas' which cannot be avoided in the context of the mains examination and consolidate. Most importantly, study and writing practice should reinforce each other.
5. Read a magazine like Frontline, Yojana, Kurukshetra and keep a tab on what’s happening around you. You have to anyway do it for GS. Just try to note what is happening in Public Administration specially.
6. Make synoptic notes for all the topics. These help in final revision. One can recall points for a certain topic easily when writing the exam.
7. Writing practice holds the key to success. It ensures legibility, time management and adherence to word limit. Effective introduction, logical build up and balanced conclusion send the right signals to the evaluator. Every question needs to be studied carefully to understand the exact requirements.
8. Several times, the questions are general in nature and not direct. For example, criminalization of politics and politicization of crime; public sector enterprises are neither public nor enterprises; recruitment of recruiters needs to be streamlined and planning in India needs to be depoliticized.
9. For short questions, answers should be direct and precise. In a long essay, introduction should be appealing and effective. Elaboration of the theme should be properly prioritized. Sequencing should be done in such a manner that one paragraph logically follows from another.
10. Depending upon the paper I or II, apt illustrations add value. While answering a question on welfare administration, the concept of welfare needs to be supplemented with the initiatives undertaken by the government highlighting the different types of programmes, the coverage and the resource profile. Unlike general studies, public administration requires interpretative skills, ability to correlate theory and practice; and synchronize conventional with the current. For example, presidential activism in India; budget as an instrument of socioeconomic transformation; citizen-administration interface and e-governance; regulation and development; development and delivery models.
11. Concentrate on the newly emerging and sensitive topics like:
Criminalization of politics
Politicization of administration
Panchayati Raj Institutions and their empowerment
Urban Local Govt.
Monday, June 29, 2009
M4: Can you tell me some type of athletic events in which more than 2 types of athletic events are there.
Me: I told them 2.
Me: Told him SC, HC, EC, CAG, UPSC(along with the articles)
Me: Yes sir, its in Bundelkhand ( He then told me 3 more distts)
Me:Thank you sir.
Tuesday, June 23, 2009
IN GS you have a huge range of answers to write, from 20 word to 250 word answers. each type of question demands separate treatment.
20 word/ 2markers
try to write as much information in less space.Write in phrases and not full grammatical sentences, punctuate these phrases with ";" , The idea is to write maxmum possible stuff about the topic under question.
These kind of question require writing about 100-120 words. Now you don't have much space to manouver around. Please do not write an introduction in these answers as that takes a lot of words. Start your actual answer with the first word.
20 marks/30 marks
These questions appear in ur optional papers as well.
The word limit is aout 200-275 words. For these questions, write an introduction that is small and sweet. Try to mould the question itself in an answer format giving the examiner an idea that you know what you are talking about.For eg. If there is a question about President being a ceremonial position and noting else, You can start by stating that, Indian constitution has provided for a President as the head of the state, But the real position of importance is that of the PM who is the head of the govt. But while saying this, you should also continue and say that, Calling the institution of President merely a ceremonial one would be wrong because the constitution has provided some discretionary powers to the president. Now your 1st para ends.
Your introduction should be about 25-35 words.
In the next para, start with why president is a nominal head. quote art 74, 42nd amenment act, 44th AA and so on. Then in the next para write why he is not just a ceremonial head.
Do not waste words. every sentence should have relevance to the answer.
Then conclude the answer in about 20-30 words. But do not write a conclusion that is similar to your introduction.
These appear only in optional papers.
For these answers you have no word limit whatsoever. I have written some answers as long as 950 words. But remember you can't do that to every answer. Maybe the 1st and 2nd 60 marker you can write upto this length, but your last 60 marker would somehow suffer. So choose your best 2 60 markers initially and try to wind them in 1:20 to 1:30 hours. Try to treat them the best. After that in something like 1.5 hours you have to finish 6 20 markers and 1 60 marker. That's how I wrote my papers.
In a 60 marker you have a lot of space. Write a good and lengthy introduction, something like 60 to 80 words or so. Then every paragraph should have a theme or idea. Please do not write in points a 60 marker answer. avoid writing in points your optional answer papers, even 20 markers.
Finish with a conclusion about 40-50 words long. Also underline the words or phrases that are instrumental to the answer. The underlining should not be overdone. I think one shoud refrain from using red or green clour pens to underline. I used either the same colour or black/blue combination.
Try to make figures if they are relevant to the answer. If you can, create your own figures.
you can make them even in a 20 marker.
Now, most of the students face this problem. When they first strat writing answers, they can't start the introduction. So please practice introduction writing for as many questions as you can. that will make it easier in the exam to start.
Secondly, your handwriting should be legible if not beautiful. Practice on it if you have a bad one. I had a v bad one. I worked on it.
Thirdly, you should practice answer writing regularly, if possible try to get them evaluated by a good teacher or a good student. Now, when you practice answer writing, write them in the time limit that the exam will offer you. A well written 20 marker in 2 hours won't serve any purpose whatsoever.
Last, try to write grammatical and sensible sentences. Do not go for the myth that flowery language or exotic vocabulary helps score better. write simple and meaningful sentences.
one more thing. before starting to answer a question, understand the demand of the question. Do not presuppose the demand of the question. Often we start writing w/o understanding the question correctly.
Then after understanding the question rightly, you should make a framework of your answer somewhere as to what all you want to write. This will help as in the process of writing you tend to forget points easily.
I hope this will help you in your mains.
I will follow this post with essay post.
Friday, June 19, 2009
Friday, June 12, 2009
Thursday, June 11, 2009
Tuesday, June 9, 2009
Course date: 17th aug 09-26th aug 09
Time: 12:00-2:30 pm
Venue: ALS, Mukherjee Nagar
This blog is not an endorsement of my classes in august. I wish to dissociate this blog from the classes that I would be taking in august. I just want the information to go across so that students know about it and if they feel like they can come and attend classes.
Secondly, I again emphasise that attending my classes is not required for anyone. You can do it yourself. So please do not think that my Pub ad classes are indispensable for anyone.
After appreciating the fact that there is no guidance available to students in PA, I have decided to help PA students by taking a short term course for PA students. The course will be of 10 days starting in August at ALS. In the course, I aim to do the following:
Overall orientationfor prelims as well as mains
Framework of the 20-25 most importatnt topics of Pub Ad for mains
Answer writing skill improvement
I would be coming back to India in August when I will take these classes.
Hope this would make it easier for students.
Please don't confuse this course with the actual PA classes that are already happening at ALS.
Tuesday, May 26, 2009
Polity- D D basu- constitution, bare act- p m bakshi, our parliament- subhash kashyap
Geog- Physical and Human geog- NCERTs and Goh Cheng leong- Physical Geography, one Atlas
Economics- Dutt Sundaram, PD-economics, Penguin dictionary, newspaper, NCERT macroeconomics
GMA- last ten years questions
Current affairs- Hindu, TOI, yojana, frontline, kurukshetra, any current affairs magazine.
S&T- Spectrum and M&M
If you have time, you can supplement this with any good notes.
Tuesday, May 19, 2009
QUALIFIED IN WRITTENRoll No. : 159306
CIVIL SERVICES (MAIN) EXAMINATION : 2008 Marks Query:-
Name : SHUBHRA SAXENA
|Civil Services(Main) Examination 2008|
|General Studies (Paper-IV)||300||174|
|Optional II, Public Administration||Paper-VIII||300||154|
If you desire an authenticated copy of your Marks Sheet, please write to : 'The Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi - 110069.' enclosing a self addressed sufficiently stamped envelope at the earliest.
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